Yorkshire Terrier Dog Breeds

Yorkshire Terrier Dog Breeds

Small in size but big in personality, the Yorkshire Terrier makes a feisty but loving companion. The most popular toy dog breed in the United States, the “Yorkie” has won many fans with their devotion to their owners, their elegant looks, and their suitability to apartment living.

Even though these are purebred dogs, you may find them in the care of shelters or rescue groups. Remember to adopt! Don’t shop in order to bring a dog home.

Although Yorkies can make for great apartment pets, they also have a tendency to be yappy, which neighbors may not appreciate. They’ll need a bit of maintenance too, especially when it comes to dental care. While these pups are playful, they’re also small and will be injured by children. But if you can provide lots of love, attention, care, and playtime, you’ll have a loving, adorable companion who’ll stick to you like your shadow!

See below for complete list of dog breed traits and facts about Yorkshire Terriers!

Yorkshire Terrier Dog Breed Pictures


Vital Stats:

Dog Breed Group: Companion Dogs

Height: 8 to 9 inches tall at the shoulder

Weight: 4 to 6 pounds

Life Span: 12 to 15 years

More Information about Yorkshire Terrier Dog Breeds

The Yorkshire Terrier, sometimes known as the Yorkie, appears to be pretty self-satisfied, and why not? The Yorkshire Terrier, with his long silky coat and perky topknot, is one of the most attractive representatives of the dog world, sure to draw attention wherever he goes. Because he is so small, he frequently travels in elegance, in customized dog purses carried by his adoring owner.

Although the Yorkie’s long steel-blue and tan coat is his crowning splendor, it is his personality that genuinely endears him to his family. The Yorkshire Terrier is a huge dog in a small body, always looking for fun and maybe even a little trouble, despite his small size (weighing no more than seven pounds).

Yorkshire Terriers are affectionate toward their owners, as one would expect from a companion dog, yet true to their terrier lineage, they are wary of strangers and will bark at unexpected sounds and intruders. To be considerate of your neighbors, you should limit their barking and teach them when and when not to bark.

They can also be violent to unfamiliar dogs, and no squirrel is safe from them.

Yorkshire Terriers, despite their bluster, have a tender side. They require a great deal of care and time with their family. Long periods of isolation are not for them. Overprotecting your Yorkie, on the other hand, is a bad idea; they’ll pick up on your emotions fast, and if your behaviors indicate that the world is a hazardous place for them, they can become neurotic.

Yorkshire Terriers perform better with older children who have been trained to appreciate them than with toddlers and little children due to their size. When startled or teased, they can get irritable.

Yorkies make excellent apartment dogs as long as they receive some activity every day, such as a fun play session in the living room or a pleasant walk around the block.

They’ll get along with other resident dogs and cats no matter where they live, as long as they were raised with them. If a new pet is brought into the house, Yorkies may get protective of their owners. Early and consistent training can be beneficial. When introducing a Yorkie to a new animal, exercise extreme caution.

A gorgeous coat, a modest stature, a feisty personality, and an unwavering devotion to his people. Is it any surprise that Yorkshire Terriers are now the second most popular dog breed in the United States?

Yorkshire Terrier Dog Breeds Highlights

  • Yorkshire Terriers are notoriously tough to housebreak. Crate training is advised.
  • Yorkshire Terriers dislike the cold and are susceptible to chills, particularly if they are moist or in damp environments.
  • Yorkshire Terriers are often not advised for households with toddlers or small children because to its small stature, delicate structure, and terrier disposition.
  • Some Yorkshire Terriers are “yappy,” barking at every sound. They may want to challenge the “intruder” because they are terriers, and if a fight breaks out, the terrier spirit will be to fight to the death. Consult a professional dog trainer if you do not feel qualified to deliver this instruction.
  • Yorkshire Terriers’ digestive systems can be fragile, and they can be fussy eaters. Eating issues can arise if your Yorkie also has tooth or gum problems. Take your Yorkie to the vet for a checkup if he is displaying signs of discomfort during eating or after eating.
  • Yorkshire Terriers believe they are big dogs and would try to pick a fight with one if given the opportunity. Make sure your Yorkie is under control. Even better, try taking your Yorkie to obedience courses at a young age to socialize him.
  • Yorkies, particularly the canines, tend to keep their puppy teeth. When your puppy dog is about five months old, check his teeth frequently. Take him to the vet if you observe an adult tooth attempting to emerge but the baby tooth remains. Retained baby teeth might cause adult teeth to come in unevenly, which can lead to tooth decay later in life.
  • Never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store if you want a healthy dog. Look for a trustworthy breeder that checks her breeding dogs to ensure they are free of genetic illnesses that could be passed on to the puppies and have sound temperaments.

Yorkshire Terrier Dog Breeds History

During the English Industrial Revolution, Scottish workers traveled to Yorkshire to work in coal mines, textile mills, and factories, bringing a dog known as a Clydesdale Terrier or Paisley Terrier with them. He’ll enjoy it!

Clydesdale Terriers were most likely mixed with other terrier breeds, such as the English Black and Tan Toy Terrier and the Skye Terrier. The Yorkshire Terrier may have benefited from the Waterside Terrier’s evolution. Yorkshire Terrier classes were divided into two categories in those early shows: under 5 pounds and 5 pounds and up.

A Yorkshire Terrier was displayed as a “broken-haired Scotch Terrier” in a bench show in 1861. Huddersfield Ben, a dog born in 1865, became a popular show dog and is regarded as the father of the contemporary Yorkshire Terrier. The breed was given that name in 1870 because there is where the majority of its growth took happened.

Yorkshire Terriers were originally recorded in the stud book of the British Kennel Club in 1874. In 1898, the first Yorkshire Terrier breed club in England was created.

The first Yorkshire Terrier born in the United States was in 1872. Yorkshire Terriers were first allowed to compete in dog shows in 1878. This was a small dog with a blue-gray coat. Exhibitors eventually opted on one class with an average weight of 3 to 7 pounds.

Yorkshire Terrier Dog Size


Yorkshire Terriers should be 8 to 9 inches tall at the shoulder and no heavier than seven pounds, with four to six pounds recommended.

Yorkies come in a variety of sizes. A single litter may comprise one Yorkie weighing less than four pounds, one weighing five to six pounds, and one weighing 12 to 15 pounds.

Be cautious of breeders who sell “tea cup” Yorkshire Terriers. Smaller-than-average dogs are more prone to genetic abnormalities and have a higher overall health risk.

Yorkshire Terrier Dog Personality

The Yorkshire Terrier is a smart and self-assured dog with an endearingly petite size and an adventurous terrier personality. The breed has a variety of personalities. Some are affectionate and cheerful, wanting nothing more than to walk in their people’s footsteps all day. Others are naughty, outgoing, and interested in everything.

Set boundaries, and your Yorkie will be a lovely companion; however, if you spoil him, beware! If you start training them while they’re puppies, you’ll have a lot more success than if you let them have their way and later try to rectify negative habits.

Yorkies, like all dogs, require early socialization – exposure to a variety of people, sights, sounds, and experiences – when they are young. Socialization contributes to your Yorkie becoming a sociable, well-rounded dog.

Yorkshire Terrier Dog Health

Yorkies are generally healthy, although they, like all breeds, are susceptible to some health issues.

Find a good breeder who will show you health clearances for both your puppy’s parents if you’re buying a puppy. Health clearances demonstrate that a dog has been tested and cleared of a certain condition. Expect to see health clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia (with a fair or better score), elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand’s disease in Yorkies; from Auburn University for thrombopathia; and from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) certifying that eyes are normal. Check the OFA website to validate health approvals (offa.org).

  • Patellar Luxation: This is a common condition in tiny dogs and is also known as “slipped stifles.” It occurs when the patella, which is made up of three parts: the femur (thigh bone), patella (knee cap), and tibia (calf). That’s a concern because the liver is in charge of detoxification, nutrient metabolism, and drug elimination. It is a disorder that starts from birth, although the physical misalignment or luxation does not necessarily happen until much later. The rubbing caused by patellar luxation can result in arthritis, a degenerative joint ailment. Patellar Luxation is classified into four grades, ranging from grade I (occasional luxation causing transitory lameness in the joint) to grade IV (severe tibial twisting and the patella cannot be mechanically straightened). This gives the dog the impression of having bowlegged legs. Patellar luxation of severe severity may necessitate surgical correction.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is a type of degenerative eye disease. Blindness caused by PRA is a gradual process caused by the loss of photoreceptors in the vwill beion. Years before the dog shows any signs of blindness, PRA can be detected. A veterinary ophthalmologist certifies the eyes of reputable breeders’ dogs on a yearly basis.
  • Portosystemic Shunt (PSS) is an irregular flow of blood between the liver and your body. This results in your dog’s limb being lame or having an irregular gait. Neurobehavioral abnormalities, loss of appetite, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), occasional gastrointestinal difficulties, urinary tract problems, medication intolerance, and stunted growth are among symptoms. Indications typically appear before the age of two. A particular diet, as well as corrective surgery, can aid with long-term treatment.
  • Hypoglycemia: Yorkies, like many toy and tiny breed dogs, can suffer from hypoglycemia when stressed, especially as puppies. Hypoglycemia is caused by low blood sugar levels. Weakness, confusion, an unsteady walk, and seizure-like episodes are some of the symptoms. If your dog is certainly prone to this, consult your veterinarian about preventative and treatment alternatives.
    Trachea collapse: The trachea, which transports air to the lungs, is prone to collapsing. The most typical symptom of a collapsed trachea is a chronic, dry, harsh cough that many people compare to a “goose honk.” Tracheal collapse can be treated medically or surgically.
  • Reverse sneezing is frequently confused with a collapsed trachea. It is a far less dangerous condition that only lasts a few minutes. They’re too lengthy if you hear them clicking on the floor. It can also happen if there are pollens or other allergens in the air. Secretions from the dog’s nose fall onto their soft palate, forcing it to seal automatically over the windpipe. This can be terrifying for your Yorkie, but once he relaxes, the reverse sneezing stops. Stroke his throat gently to help him relax.
  • Eye infections, tooth decay, and gum disease are all possibilities.

Yorkshire Terrier Dog Care

Yorkshire Terriers adore going for walks or playing outside, but because they are highly active indoors, it doesn’t take much work to keep them fit.

Yorkies are generally amenable to training, especially if it involves doing charming tricks or competing in agility or obedience events. However, they may be difficult to housetrain because their “accidents” are so minor and easy to clean up that people overlook them. That is an error. It is preferable to show them where to go from the start and to reward them for conducting their business in the proper location. When you put in the time and effort, you can end up with a very well-trained Yorkie.

They are unquestionably housedogs who do not take excessive heat or cold well. Many people paper train their Yorkshire Terriers so they don’t have to take them outside in extreme heat or cold.

Yorkies adore squeaky toys, but it’s critical to check on them every few days to ensure they haven’t chewed them open and extracted the squeaker. They particularly enjoy retrieving toys that you throw for them. Consider crocheting a ball for your Yorkie that is larger than a golf ball but smaller than a tennis ball and stuffing it with discarded panty hose if you are crafty. These dogs were far larger than the Yorkshire Terrier we know today, and it’s believed they were mostly used to catch rats in mills.

Yorkshire Terrier Dog Feeding

Aim for 1/2 to 3/4 cup of high-quality dry food per day, divided into two meals.

The amount of food your adult dog consumes is determined by his size, age, structure, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs, like people, are individuals who do not require the same amount of food. It goes without saying that an active dog will require more than a couch potato dog. The quality of dog food you purchase also matters; the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you will need to shake into your dog’s bowl.

Make sure your Yorkie doesn’t get too big. This exquisite breed does not look nice in roly-poly. Maintain your Yorkie’s health by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day rather than leaving food out all the time. If you’re not sure if he’s overweight, give him the eye and hands-on tests.

Look down at him first. There should be a waist visible. Then put your hands on his back, thumbs down his spine, fingers stretched lowerward. You should be able to feel but not see his ribs without pressing too hard. If you can’t, he should eat less and exercise more.

See our tips for buying the proper food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog for more information on feeding your Yorkshire Terrier.


Grooming And Coat Color

The coat of the Yorkshire Terrier is long, smooth, and absolutely straight, with no indication of a wave. The hair of show dogs reaches the floor. They only have one coat and shed very little.

Puppies are born black, with the blue and brown coat appearing gradually over time, usually after a year. Puppies who begin to lighten before the age of a year often turn gray instead of blue.

The hair is a dark steel-blue, from the back of the head to the tip of the tail, with a bluish shine when seen in the sunlight. The hair is tan and darker at the roots than at the ends, and the head is bright gold, not reddcan beh. The headfall (the hair that falls on the face) is long and golden in color.

At the base of the ears and on the muzzle, the hair is slightly darker. The tan on the head does not extend beyond the ears, and there are no black hairs mixed in with the tan. Yorkshire Terriers have tanned legs, however the hue does not extend above the elbow.

An intriguing truth about Yorkies is that they lighten with age. Color can also be affected by hormonal changes. Females in heat lighten, then darken once their season is done.

Grooming a long-haired Yorkshire Terrier is not easy, especially if he has a “soft” coat that tangles easily rather than a silky one! Even if you keep his coat short, brush his coat gently every day to help avoid matting and keep him clean.

Yorkies, like many little breeds, are prone to dental issues. Yorkshire Terriers have a lot of tartar on their teeth and can lose them at an early age, so wash their teeth regularly and have your vet clean their teeth at least once a year.

Check your Yorkie’s ears on a regular basis as part of the grooming procedure. Examine them inside and give them a good scent. Ask your veterinarian to inspect them if they appear infected (have an offensive odor, redness, or a brown discharge). If there is hair in your ear canal, pluck it out with your fingers or have your veterinarian or groomer do it for you.

Bathe your Yorkie once a week to keep his coat looking nice and lustrous. It is not necessary to rub the coat when washing it. After wetting the coating and applying the shampoo, simply run your fingers through it to remove the dirt. Apply conditioner, then thoroughly rinse.

While your Yorkie is drying, spritz the coat with a light conditioner. When you’re brushing him, spray the layer with a mild conditioner. Brushing a dry or unclean coat will cause the hair to break.

After each bath, trim your Yorkie’s nails to avoid painful tears and other issues. Reverse sneezing happens most often when your dog is enthusiastic or attempts to eat or drink too quickly. Dog toenails include blood veins, so cutting too far can result in bleeding, and your dog may refuse to comply the next time the nail clippers come out. So, if you’re not used to clipping dog nails, get advice from a vet or groomer.

Check the anal area and clip around it with scissors if the hair is getting too long when grooming your Yorkie. Typically, a half-inch of hair around it is sufficient.

After brushing and drying your Yorkie, collect the hair on the top of his head, beginning at the outer corner of one eye, moving back at an angle toward the center of the head, then back down to the outer corner of the other eye. Brush your hair up and secure it with a rubber band before adding your favorite bow.

When your Yorkie is a puppy, start accustoming him to being brushed and examined. Handle his paws regularly – dogs’ feet are sensitive – and inspect his lips. Make grooming a happy experience full of praise and prizes, and you’ll set the stage for smooth veterinarian tests and other handling when he’s an adult.

Check for sores, rashes, or symptoms of infection such as redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin, nose, mouth, and eyes, and feet while you groom. There should be no redness or discharge in the eyes. Your meticulous weekly examination will assist you in detecting potential health problems early.

Children and Other Animals

Yorkies are not suitable for families with little children because to their small stature. If you don’t find a rescue for your breed listed, contact the national breed group or a local breed club, and they can direct you to a dog rescue. It’s simply too easy for children to drop, step on, or grasp them too tightly.

Yorkies may get along with other pets, even cats, provided they are introduced with them at a young age. They’re fearless in pursuing strange dogs, even those 10 times their size, and protecting them from themselves becomes second nature to anyone who own Yorkies.

Rescue Organizations

Yorkshire Terriers are frequently purchased without a thorough grasp of what it takes to own one. Several Yorkies are available for adoption or foster care. There are a few rescues that we haven’t mentioned. Most breeders will not sell puppies to individuals whose children are under the age of 5 or 6.

  • Rescue Me Yorkie Rescue
  • United Yorkie Rescue
  • Yorkshire Terrier National Rescue Inc.
  • YTCA Rescue, Inc.

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