Breeds Directory Dogs

Xoloitzcuintli: The Ancient Hairless Dog – A Loyal & Loving Companion


If you’re looking for a unique, intelligent, and affectionate dog breed, the Xoloitzcuintli (pronounced “show-low-itz-quint-lee”), or Xolo for short, might be the perfect match! With their striking hairless appearance and a history steeped in ancient Mexico, Xolos are much more than just a pretty face.

Xoloitzcuintli Quick Fact Information

  • Origin: Mexico
  • Size: Standard, intermediate, and miniature.
  • Breed Group: Non-Sporting
  • Life span: 12 to 15 years
  • Coat: Hairless and coated varieties
  • Temperament: Intelligent, loyal, affectionate, alert
  • Exercise Needs: Moderate
  • Training: Highly trainable with positive reinforcement
  • Health: Generally healthy, some skin considerations
  • Popularity: Moderately rare, gaining recognition

“The Xoloitzcuintli is not just a dog, it’s a piece of living history.” – Xoloitzcuintli Club of America

A History Steeped in Myth and Reverence

The Xoloitzcuintli’s origins stretch back thousands of years to the Aztec civilization of ancient Mexico. They weren’t just companions; they were believed to be sacred guides, helping souls on their journey to the afterlife. Their warmth was also used as a natural remedy for ailments like rheumatism.

A Look They Can't Ignore

Xolos turn heads with their hairless appearance (though they come in a coated variety, too!). Their smooth, warm skin comes in various shades, and they range in size from small miniatures to larger standard Xolos. Their sleek build, alert ears, and expressive eyes all add to their distinctive charm.

More Than Just a Pretty Face

Xoloitzcuintli dogs are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and affectionate nature. They form strong bonds with their families and enjoy being part of the action. While alert and sometimes wary of strangers, they are playful and loving companions for all ages. Xolos are highly trainable with positive reinforcement, making them excellent candidates for dog sports and activities.

Living with a Xolo

While their hairlessness is a standout feature, Xolos need special care for their exposed skin. Sunscreen, gentle bathing, and moisturization are key. Regular exercise keeps them happy and fulfilled, whether that’s brisk walks, playtime, or even structured activities like agility.

Is a Xolo Right for You?

Xolos require early socialization to help develop their confidence. While adaptable, they can be prone to separation anxiety and may not be a perfect fit if you’re away from home for long periods. Yet, if you’re looking for a devoted, intelligent, and truly unique dog, the Xoloitzcuintli might be the perfect choice!

Bringing Home Your Xolo


Finding a reputable breeder specializing in Xoloitzcuintli puppies is essential. Responsible breeders prioritize health and temperament to ensure you’re getting a happy and well-adjusted pup. If you’re open to rescuing, there might be a deserving Xolo out there waiting for a loving home! Prepare your home with supplies, establish a routine, and provide patient training to help your new furry friend thrive.

Living a Long and Happy Life with Your Xolo

Regular veterinary care and a focus on preventative health will set your Xolo up for a long and happy life. Be aware of potential breed-specific health concerns and work with your vet to ensure your Xoloitzcuintli stays in top shape. A balanced diet tailored to your dog’s needs will keep them fueled for all their adventures.

Xoloitzcuintli Adoption Centers

Here are a few resources to help you find a Xoloitzcuintli in need of a loving home:

  • Xoloitzcuintli Club of America (XCA) Rescue: Their website often lists available dogs:
  • Petfinder: Search by breed and location:
  • Adopt-a-Pet: [ another pet adoption search engine ON [invalid URL removed]])

Q: Are Xoloitzcuintli hypoallergenic?

A: Yes, especially the hairless variety.

Q: What’s the price of a Xoloitzcuintli puppy?

A: Prices range from $1,000 to $3,000 or more.

Q: How long do Xoloitzcuintli dogs live?

A: 12-15 years or more with proper care.

Q: Can Xoloitzcuintli dogs go outside in the sun?

A: Yes, but need sunscreen and moderation during hot weather.

The Benefits of Owning a Xoloitzcuintli

Xolos offer a unique and enriching pet ownership experience. Here are some of the many reasons to consider adding a Xolo to your family:

  • Hypoallergenic Companions: For those with sensitivities to pet dander, hairless Xoloitzcuintli dogs could be a great choice. While no dog is 100% hypoallergenic, Xolos tend to produce fewer allergens, making them more manageable for many allergy sufferers.
  • Natural Warmth: Their hairless bodies radiate warmth, making them fantastic cuddle buddies! If you live in colder climates or love to snuggle on the couch, a Xolo provides cozy companionship.
  • A Piece of History: Owning a Xoloitzcuintli means owning a piece of ancient history. Their lineage and cultural connection to Mexico offer a unique perspective and connection to the past.
  • True Companions: Loyal and deeply affectionate, Xolos forge strong bonds with their families. They bring joy, love, and a touch of the extraordinary to your daily life.

Words of Caution

Like any breed, Xoloitzcuintli dogs aren’t suitable for everyone. Here are a few things to consider:

  • Skin Sensitivities: Xoloitzcuintli dogs require skin care routines. This includes protection from the elements and careful attention to any rashes, dryness, or irritations.
  • Socialization is Key: Early and consistent socialization helps Xolos develop confidence and comfort in different environments.
  • A Desire for Connection: While adaptable to various living situations, Xolos thrive with attention and companionship. They may experience separation anxiety if left alone for extended periods.

Are You Ready to Share Your Life with a Xoloitzcuintli?

The Xoloitzcuintli is a remarkably special canine companion. If you’re prepared for the responsibilities, ready to cherish their unique traits, and looking for a devoted, intelligent, and downright fascinating addition to your life, a Xoloitzcuintli may be the perfect dog for you!

Remember: Always research the breed thoroughly to ensure it’s a good fit for your lifestyle. And, prioritize finding a responsible breeder or rescue dedicated to ensuring happy, healthy Xoloitzcuintli dogs.

Let me know if you’d like me to add any other sections or tailor this further!

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