Gouramis are among the most tranquil, durable, and attractive community fish available. To discover more about breeding these magnificent fish, keep reading.
Even though maintaining an aquarium as a hobby might be difficult at times, it can also be quite rewarding, especially if you can successfully breed your fish.
Gouramis are a possibility if you're seeking for an aquarium fish species that gets along with other species in the community and is quite simple to breed in a home aquarium. There are many species to pick from, and each one is lovely and distinctive in its own way.
What Species Are the Most Popular?
Osphronemidae is the family of fish that includes gouramis. They are a family of freshwater perciform animals that are indigenous to several regions of Asia, from Pakistan to Korea. These fish can be recognized by the elongated, feeler-like ray on each of their pelvic fins.
They have laterally compressed bodies similar to cichlids. Currently, 133 species of gourami have been identified, which are broken down into four subfamilies and 15 genera. Some of the most well-liked species for aquariums at home are listed below:
Gold Gourami: A variation in color of the three-spot gourami, the gold gourami is distinguished by its vivid gold hues and elaborate striping. These fish can grow up to 6 inches long, and while they can develop aggressive and territorial behavior, it usually only occurs in the males of the species. This species of gourami, like the majority of them, is omnivorous and needs a broad diet of live, fresh, and processed items.
Color variant of the blue-spot gourami that features multiple dark blue spots on a light blue background. Despite the fact that it can reach a length of 6 inches, this species is quite resilient and a fantastic choice for beginners in the aquarium hobby. When they're young, blue gouramis often make good community fish, but as they get older, they can become a bit territorial, so they require a large tank with decorations to break up sight lines.
As its name suggests, this species of gourami is one of the smaller ones, reaching lengths of only around 3 or 3 12 inches. Due to their blue and red body stripes and spiky fins, dwarf gouramis are easily identified. Although they can be hesitant, these fish are generally extremely placid and make ideal community fish. This just means that they require a lot of plant cover and other hiding spots.
Also referred to as the kissing pink gourami, this kind of fish is entirely white with a pinkish undertone. This species of gourami is distinct from others in appearance, and they get their name from the way they frequently "kiss." Huge kissing gouramis can reach lengths of 12 inches and are a semi-aggressive species. Because they get so big, a 75-gallon tank or bigger is usually needed.
One of the friendliest varieties of gourami is the pearl gourami, which has a body that ranges in color from light brown to reddish brown and is covered in numerous pearly-white spots. Pearl gouramis are great communal fish since they can grow to be around 4 inches long. Additionally, during breeding, this species has been seen to create a croaking sound.
The gourami's vibrant hues are what many aquarium hobbyists adore. Because many species exhibit parental care behaviors, breeding these fish is also highly interesting. For additional information about breeding gouramis, continue reading.
What Should You Know About Breeding Gourami?
Although each gourami species is distinct, many of them share the same requirements for reproduction. In order to prevent your other fish from eating the eggs before they hatch, it is typically advised that you breed gouramis in a separate tank because they are egg layers.
Under ideal circumstances, gouramis are generally simple to breed. Start with a tank that has a capacity of between 10 and 20 gallons. The tank only has to be about six inches tall to work.
To promote water circulation and mechanical filtration, place a sponge filter in the corner of the tank and cover the tank's bottom with a thin layer of gravel. Add plenty of living plants as a final touch so the female can hide from the male if necessary.
You should condition the male and female gouramis with rich diets for a week or two before putting them in the breeding tank to get them ready for breeding. Since gouramis are primarily omnivores, they may survive on a variety diet of live, frozen, and commercial pellets or flakes.
Some gourami species may graze on veggies, so you could also wish to supply some fresh foliage. After conditioning, put the female in the breeding tank and give her a few days to become used to it before introducing the male. The ideal time to introduce the male is after the female is gravid, or full with eggs. This can be helped by giving her meaty things like blood worms.
If the female gourami is from a species that builds bubble nests, she will start creating it as soon as the male is added to the breeding tank. Pearl gouramis, platinum gouramis, opaline gouramis, moonlight gouramis, gold gouramis, and others are examples of gouramis that nest in bubbles.
These fish blow tiny bubbles, which they collect into a nest on the water's top. The fish lay their eggs and keep them inside the nest until they hatch. One of the few species, the chocolate gourami, collects its eggs in its mouth after spawning and keeps them there until they hatch.
The kissing gourami scatters its eggs on vegetation and then waits for them to hatch on their own; it is neither a bubble-nesting species nor a mouthbrooder.
Breeding patterns and spawning of gourami
Your gouramis will exhibit certain behaviors when they are prepared to spawn. The male gourami will begin to dance with the female and may even begin to cup her body with his while wriggling as he approaches.
The male fertilizes the eggs until the female is ready to release them. Bubble-nesting species will gather the eggs after spawning and put them in the bubble nest. You should now carefully remove the parents and turn off the tank's filtration.
Most of the time, it takes 24 hours for the eggs to hatch, and the young stay in or close to the bubble nest for another 3 to 5 days before they can swim freely and begin to explore the tank.
Maintaining a good level of water quality in the tank is crucial while your newly hatched fry are growing. You'll need to carefully siphon water out of the tank by hand and replace it with recently dechlorinated water because you can't use a filter that can harm your fry.
Feed the fry freshly hatched brine shrimp or liquid fry food until they reach a length of around 12 inch; at this time, it is okay to place them in your community tank.
Making sure your community tank has a lot of plants and hiding spots will help your young gouramis find cover in case they need to flee from bigger or more aggressive fish. If you provide them a balanced food, they will develop swiftly.
Even better than caring for a couple of gouramis in your community tank is breeding gouramis. Many species can lay up to 600 eggs in a single spawning and are generally simple to breed. Breeding gouramis is a fun experience, whether you want to fill your own tank with fish or earn a little extra cash.