Dogs' Peritonitis: Signs, Diagnosis, And Treatments For Abdominal Cavity Inflammation

Dogs' Peritonitis: Signs, Diagnosis, And Treatments For Abdominal Cavity Inflammation

Dogs that have peritoneitis experience inflammation of the peritoneum, a thin, fluid membrane that lines the abdominal cavity. This occurs when the abdominal cavity is damaged, which can be brought on by sickness, a stomach ulcer, physical trauma, or other issues.

Bacterial infection that spreads to the abdomen through an exterior wound or an internal organ perforation is the most frequent cause. An affected dog could appear to be healthy before abruptly falling ill. The majority of dogs will display signs of discomfort when touched on the abdomen because the ailment is typically uncomfortable. Your dog could first appear healthy before abruptly being unwell. What you should be aware of regarding the signs, causes, and remedies for peritonitis in dogs.

Dogs'-Peritonitis: Signs, Diagnosis, And-Treatments-For-Abdominal-Cavity-Inflammation
Symptoms Of Peritonitis In Dogs

The signs of canine peritonitis are typically simple to spot.

Peritonitis in dogs can be life-threatening, therefore you must bring your dog to your veterinarian very away for a correct diagnosis and treatment. When you touch their abdomen, the majority of them will most definitely display pain symptoms.


Consult your veterinarian as soon as you notice any of the following symptoms in your dog.

  • Fever
    Vomiting
    Diarrhea
    Black stools
    Anorexia
    Lethargy
    Weakness
    Abdominal pain
    Taking unusual positions to relieve pain
    Low blood pressure
    Increased heart rate
    Increased respiration rate
    Low body temperature
    Pale gums
    Jaundice
    Swelling in the abdomen
    Ascites
    Arrhythmia

Causes Of Peritonitis In Dogs


Peritonitis in dogs can have a variety of causes. The most typical cause is a bacterial infection that enters the abdomen by an external wound or an organ that has ruptured, but there are numerous other potential causes as well.

The following are some potential causes of canine peritonitis:

  • Intestinal or stomach tumor that ruptures the bowel
  • Stomach or intestinal ulcer, which may be caused by anti-inflammatory medications
  • Liver abscess
  • Pancreatic inflammation
  • Ruptured gallbladder or bile duct
  • Ruptured bladder
  • Perforated colon
  • Ruptured uterus
  • Ruptured appendix
  • Diverticulitis
  • Liver, heart, or kidney disease
  • Chemical contamination
  • Prostate cysts
  • Wound or injury to the abdomen

Treatments For Peritonitis In Dogs

If the illness is severe, hospitalization might be the first step in treating canine peritonitis. If the dog needs nutritional support, the veterinarian may next insert a feeding tube into the digestive tract or administer feedings by injection after giving the dog intravenous fluids.

The vet may need to undertake surgery depending on the condition's severity and underlying cause. This is particularly true when the peritonitis is brought on by a bacterial infection or chemical exposure.


During surgery for these disorders, the abdomen is saline-flushed. Due to the seriousness of this type of peritonitis, many dogs do not survive.

Dogs with the condition probably need dietary adjustments to reduce fluid retention. Veterinarians frequently recommend a low-sodium diet, particularly for canines with heart disease. Veterinarians may also recommend pharmaceuticals, such as antibiotics or painkillers.

Dogs will also require follow-up visits to the vet to make sure the symptoms don't come back.

Have you ever owned a dog that had peritonitis? How did your veterinarian treat it? Tell us in the comments section below!

By PetsCareTip.Com