What is the Canine Cancer Uterine Tumors?
0.3 to 0.4 % of canine tumors are uterine tumors. The most frequent tumors are leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas, which account for 90% and 10%, respectively. Adenomas, adenocarcinomas, fibromas, fibrosarcomas, and lipomas have also been reported. The majority of leiomyomas are benign tumors. primarily impact animals that are middle-aged or older. Unexpectedly, a puppy as young as 10 months old was discovered to have uterine cancer. Complete blood count (CBC), biochemical profile, urine analysis, chest and abdominal x-rays, ultrasound, and biopsies are examples of other diagnostic procedures.
Leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas in dogs virtually ever show any clinical symptoms. They are typically found during an autopsy called a necropsy or an ovariohysterectomy (removal of the ovaries and uterus). These tumors can occasionally become exceedingly enormous and squeeze the nearby viscera (internal organs of the abdomen like the intestine, liver and pancreas). Vaginal discharge and pyometra (induced by hormonal and structural changes in the uterine lining) are unavoidable in cases of benign and malignant malignancies.
Abdominal distension, anorexia (lack of appetite), constipation, vomiting, weight loss, lethargy, polydipsia (frequent thirst), and polyuria are among additional clinical symptoms that have been recorded (urge to urinate frequently).
The diagnostic value of an abdominal radiograph for uterine or abdominal mass has been established. The surgically excised specimens, however, are sent for histological analysis for a more precise diagnosis. There have been no reports of breed preferences so far.
The preferred course of treatment for uterine tumors is a complete ovariohysterectomy. In the veterinary literature, the application of chemotherapy and radiation therapy has not been sufficiently explored.
Liomyomas, adenomas, lipomas, and fibromas are examples of benign tumors with excellent prognoses. Malignant tumors have an excellent prognosis when there are no metastases. However, it is frequently discovered that the disease has spread to other body organs by the time patients receive a diagnosis. The prognosis for metastatic, incurable cancers, however, is typically ambiguous.